Neurospine Hospital & Revive Critical Care

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0712-2995761, 2995762, 9021721336


Vascular surgery refers to open surgeries and minimally-invasive procedures that treat a range of blood vessel problems. These include aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease, and chronic venous insufficiency.
Vascular surgery is a specialty discipline in surgery that deals with diseases of the vascular system. This is the circulatory system in the body and it comprises the blood vessels, lymph vessels, and the lymphatic system. The blood vessels include the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The arteries carry blood away from the heart while the veins carry blood to the heart. The capillaries distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body.

Types Of Vascular Surgery

  • Peripheral artery disease: A blockage in your legs. Total loss of circulation can lead to gangrene and loss of a limb.
  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome: A blockage in the blood vessels leading to your gastrointestinal system.
  • Renal artery disease: A blockage in your renal arteries can cause renal artery disease and kidney failure.
  • Raynaud’s Phenomenon: Consists of spasms of the small arteries of your fingers, and sometimes toes, from exposure to cold or stress.

Treatment Of Vascular Surgery

The treatment for Vascular diseases can involve any of the following:

  • Medications to lower cholesterol known as statins may be given to reduce the risk of strokes due to blockage.
  • Blood pressure and blood sugar levels can affect the working of the vascular system. It is important to reduce blood pressure and have normal blood sugar levels. Medication for this can be prescribed.
  • Blood thinners and other medication can be prescribed to improve the flow of blood and reduce the chances of a clot.
  • If there are blood clots, then medication is given to treat blood clots. This medication dissolves and breaks up the ,clots.

What are the risks of vascular surgery?

Vascular surgeries, like all other surgeries, carry some major risks. These vary based on the procedure but may include:

  • Allergic reactions to anesthesia, dyes or medications.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Bleeding.
  • Blood clots.
  • Blood vessel damage.
  • Brain damage.
  • Bruising, redness or pain.
  • Heart attack.
  • Infection.
  • Nerve damage.
  • Seizures.
  • Stroke.

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