Neurospine Hospital & Revive Critical Care

Opening Time

24 Hours

For Appointments

0712-2995761, 2995762, 9021721336

Spine Trauma

Home / Spine Trauma

What Is Spine Trauma?

Spinal trauma is damage to the spinal cord and spinal column, or the bones surrounding the spinal cord, caused by an injury. The spinal cord contains nerves that carry messages between the brain and the body, so damage can cause permanent changes in bodily functions.
Sometimes relatively minor falls or accidents can result in a significant spinal cord injury. This can happen if there is an underlying degree of weakness, dislocation, or instability from an untreated condition called degenerative spine disease.

What are the types of Spinal Trauma Injuries?

Complete: A complete injury causes total paralysis below the level of the injury. It affects both sides of the body. A complete injury may cause paralysis of all four limbs or the lower half of the body.
Incomplete: After an incomplete injury, some function remains on one or both sides of the body. The body and brain can still communicate along certain pathways.

Spinal Trauma Symptoms

Depending on the location of the injury, spinal cord trauma symptoms include varying degrees of:

  • Weakness or paralysis of your arms or legs
  • Numbness of your body below the level of damage
  • Difficulty with bowel and bladder function

Spinal Trauma Treatments

Current treatment focuses on preventing further injury. Bleeding, swelling, inflammation, and fluid accumulation can cause additional damage over days or weeks. Medications can help reduce swelling and inflammation.

Spinal trauma surgery is usually required to repair broken or dislocated vertebrae and relieve compression of the spinal cord. Spinal fusion surgery involves placing bone or bone-like material between vertebrae and securing the vertebrae with titanium screws, rods, and/or plates to hold the bones together until they heal. With penetrating injuries like gunshot wounds, foreign objects may need to be removed surgically

Nurses that specialize in the care of patients with spinal cord injury work closely with the medical team to promote good blood circulation to the spinal cord and reduce the chances of other problems that can occur following injury.

Risk factors

  • Participating in risky physical activities
  • Riding in or on high-speed vehicles
  • Diving into shallow water

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