Neurospine Hospital & Revive Critical Care

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Microscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Home / Microscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy

What is Microscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Anterior cervical discectomy is a minimally invasive spine procedure performed from the front region of the neck to remove any damaged discs or bone spurs causing direct nerve root and spinal cord compression.
The intervertebral discs facilitate easy movement of the neck and spine, however any damage to these discs due to age, injuries or degenerative conditions can lead to severe pain in the neck, muscle stiffness, numbness, weakness and tingling sensation which may radiate to other parts of the body.

What are the risks?

Hoarseness and swallowing difficulties. In some cases, temporary hoarseness can occur.
Vertebrae failing to fuse. There are many reasons why bones do not fuse together.
Hardware fracture. Metal screws and plates used to stabilize the spine are called “hardware.”

Procedure of Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Anterior cervical discectomy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision of 1-2 inches is made through the central neck line in the front region of your neck. Then a tubular retractor is inserted to separate the muscles and expose the cervical vertebrae and discs. A surgical microscope is used for clear visualization of the surgical field. The surgeon then removes the disc and any surrounding bone spurs that may be compressing the nerves in the cervical region. Finally, the empty disc space is prepared for fusion and is secured and closed with sutures after replacement.


Post-surgery, you will be monitored in a post-operative unit for any complications, and may be discharged on the same day if none have been observed. You may feel mild pain at the site of surgery which subsides within few days. Your doctor provides you with instructions on physical therapy and medications. Complete recovery may take about four to six weeks.

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