Neurospine Hospital & Revive Critical Care

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Brain Trauma Surgery

Home / Brain Trauma Surgery

What is Brain Trauma Surgery

Falls and car accidents are two of the top causes of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). When you take a severe blow to the head, your brain hits against the skull. The impact can cause brain damage. Concussions are the most common type of TBI.
A headache is a pain in your head or face that’s often described as a pressure that’s throbbing, constant, sharp or dull. Headaches can differ greatly in regard to pain type, severity, location and frequency.
Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain. Mild cases may result in a brief change in mental state or consciousness. Severe cases may result in extended periods of unconsciousness, coma, or even death.

What are the types of Traumatic Brain Surgery?

  • Moderate TBI: this type of head injury is associated with loss of consciousness for over 30 minutes but less than one day. Confusion can last for up to one week.
  • Severe TBI: individuals with this type of head injury lose consciousness for over one full day. These injuries are typically associated with changes on head CT or brain MRI.
  • Uncomplicated TBI: Head CT/brain MRI are normal, regardless of mild, moderate or severe grade.
  • Complicated TBI: Head CT or brain MRI show changes, such as bleeding.

Symptoms

Symptoms vary greatly depending on the severity of the head injury. They may include any of the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Paralysis
  • Coma
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Dizziness and balance concerns
  • Breathing problems
  • Slow pulse
  • Slow breathing ratewith an increase in blood pressure

How is a traumatic brain Surgery diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Depending on the severity of the injury and symptoms, you may have:

  • Neurological evaluation: A neurologist (specialist in the brain) checks your memory, thinking, motor function (balance, reflexes and coordination) and sensory functions (hearing and vision).
  • Imaging tests: A CT scan or MRI checks for brain bleeding and swelling.
  • Blood test: The Banyan Brain Trauma Indicator (BTI) looks for proteins in your blood that indicate concussion or mild TBI.

Prevention

  • Be smart behind the wheel: Buckle everyone up with seat belts, and use car seats or booster seats for children. Don’t drive if you’re drowsy or under the influence.
  • Put on a helmet: Protect your head when you play sports like hockey or football or when you bike, skate, ski or snowboard. And wear a helmet when you ride a motorcycle, scooter, ATV or horse.
  • Stay active: Activities like yoga, tai chi and strength training build muscle and improve balance.

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