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Brain Surgery For Removal Of Blood Clots

Home / Brain Surgery For Removal Of Blood Clots

What is Brain Surgery For Removal Of Blood Clots

A blood clot in the brain occurs when a blood vessel breaches and fills with blood, causing a blockage in an artery. When this happens, the brain can be deprived of oxygen as it is cut off. This can cause damage to the brain cells and even lead to death.
Blood clots are blood clumps usually formed whenever you get injured, to stop blood loss. But what if a blood clot is formed inside your blood vessels that obstruct the blood flow? It can prove to be highly dangerous.

What are the Common Symptoms of Blood Clots?

Blood clot symptoms vary depending on where the clot develops in your body. Blood clots can form in the following:

  • Abdomen: Blood clots in the abdomen can cause pain, nausea, and vomiting.
  • Arms or legs: A blood clot in the arm or leg may be painful or uncomfortable to touch. Other frequent symptoms of blood clots include swelling, redness, and warmth.
  • Brain: Depending on which section of the brain is affected, blood clots in the brain (strokes) can cause a variety of symptoms. These clots can cause difficulty speaking or seeing, inability to move or feel one side of your body, and, in severe cases, seizures.
  • Heart or Lungs: A blood clot in the heart can induce symptoms of a heart attack such as crushing chest pain, perspiration, pain down the left arm, and/or shortness of breath. A blood clot in the lungs can cause chest pain, difficulty breathing, and, in some cases, blood coughing.

Types of Blood Clots

  1. Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot when a blood vessel in the body becomes damaged and filled with blood.
  2. Embolism occurs when an artery is blocked by a foreign object. This can occur when the artery becomes blocked by a blood clot or clotting material, or even tissue.

Treatment of blood clots in the brain

  • Anticoagulant medications This blood clot in brain treatment involves medications that thin the blood and prevent it from clotting. It is given to people who have a history of blood clots, and also those who have had a stroke caused by a blood clot.
  • Thrombolytics Thrombolytics are drugs that rapidly dissolve blood clots and are administered in emergency cases such as stroke. Example – heparin
  • Mechanical Thrombectomy Mechanical Thrombectomy is the surgical procedure is done to remove the blood clot in the brain. A device equipped with a mesh can be used to extract the blood clot from the main artery and out of the brain.
  • Surgery for blood clots in the brain Your doctor can suggest surgery to remove the blood clots. Generally, there are two types of surgery to remove blood clots in the brain-
    • Burr hole drainage – This procedure involves making a small hole in the skull and draining the blood clot from the brain and provide pressure relief.
    • Craniotomy – Craniotomy involves cutting a section of the skull to drain out the blood clot and placing it back.
  • Stents Stents are small tubes that can be placed in the brain’s blood vessels to hold it open. This allows for proper blood flow.
  • Vena Cava Filters Vena cava filters can be placed in the inferior vena cava to catch any blood clots before they reach the heart, brain, or lungs. These small filters can be placed using an endoscope or a catheter.

Diagnosis of Blood Clot in Brain

Blood tests – It will look for protein in the bloodstream, which will be an indication that the brain is bleeding.
Ultrasound – An ultrasound scan can be done to check the size and shape of the brain.
CT scan – They are more accurate than other imaging techniques and can provide more detailed information on the nature of the blood clot.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) – MRAs can be used to take images of blood vessels and identify any blockages or abnormalities. 
V/Q scans –  It can measure both the amount of arterial and venous blood flow and also show if there is any blockage or clotting in the blood vessels.

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